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The stomach or abdominal pain in the lower left part of the abdomen is usually in association with the digestive tract problems. Beside this, pain in the left side of the abdomen is also manifested due to problems with the reproductive organs, urinary tract, skin problems, blood vessels or body wall. This causes pain sensitivity, intense discomfort, and stiffness in the lower left abdominal part.

lower left abdominal pain

Causes of lower left abdominal pain

Several organs located in the lower left abdomen are a continuation of those in the upper abdomen, and some are completely different. Here you can find the bottom edge of the left kidney, left ureter, part of the colon, sigmoid colon and part of the bladder, large blood vessels, and nerves. And in women, the left fallopian tube and ovary. In addition to causing pain in the upper left abdomen, a few causes (bowel cancer, enlargement of the abdominal aorta, food poisoning, infection or kidney stones, trapped gases, etc.) may be the cause of pain in the left lower abdomen.



Diverticulosis causes widespread pain that gradually increases and later localizes in the lower left abdomen. Sometimes it is accompanied by fever, bloating, and changes in the appearance of the feces. The amount of the feces reduces, and it is rarer. In some cases, it may be concerned perforation of the colon with peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum);


Most of the people have no symptoms. Therefore, it is possible to have diverticulosis for years before it is detected. With time it may happen infection and inflammation. It takes place in twenty percent of cases. The symptoms of this infection can be quite severe. Abdominal pain – especially on the left side at the bottom, fever, flatulence, diarrhea or constipation, poor appetite and sometimes vomiting. A majority of persons only after the inflammation finds from the doctor that they have diverticulosis. Diverticulosis can be painful without inflammation in rare cases when the person next to this disease has irritable bowel. Symptoms include diarrhea and cramps, with no signs of fever.


Bowel obstruction

A bowel obstruction occurs when the intestines are wholly or partially blocked. Therefore the process of digestion cannot proceed to completion. Bowel obstruction stems from many factors. The most common causes are incarceration (strangulation), hernia, constipation or bowel tissue, which is the result of previous infection or surgery in the abdominal cavity. However, the passage of food through the intestine can also interfere with neoplasms such as colon cancer or carcinoid. Sometimes part of a healthy intestine can twist or skew (this is called Volvulus). In rare cases, the cause of bowel obstruction is a partial or complete blockage due to non-digestible items, for example, coins or keys, which the patient has accidentally swallowed.



Constipation or sluggish bowels, the problem with many terms that afflicts many people. According to statistics, approximately every tenth person has problems with irregular bowel movement. It is crucial to heal constipation. Not only because of the annoying pain that produces in the lower left abdomen but for the reason that the waste products in the body should be retained as short as possible. Fortunately, there are many ways to cure constipation. Constipation can be a result of taking opiates (morphine and codeine), or certain medications, bad habits when it comes to nutrition, such as insufficient intake of dietary fiber, or inadequate hydration.


Crohn’s disease

It is the inflammatory disease of the small intestine. Symptoms of the disease are chronic diarrhea, which almost always follows very nervous bowel, pain and difficult absorption of nutrients. Therapy for Crohn’s disease: a specialist gastroenterologist should establish diagnosis. That is because there is a risk of severe illness as cancer of the colon. During an acute episode, introduce exclusively light liquid food. It will help you to calm the irritation of the colon.


Cysts and tumors of the kidney

Cysts and tumors are one of the causes of pain in the left lower abdomen. They do not cause pain unless they are larger than 4-5 cm in diameter. It is known that cysts and tumors of the kidneys, which are usually malignant, are accidentally revealed during an ultrasound scan of the abdominal cavity.


Lower left abdominal gynecologist pain

This acute pain is often localized in the lower abdomen, in the center or on the left or right side;

It is usually accompanied by swelling of the breasts and skipping menstrual periods, nausea and vomiting in case of ectopic pregnancy (ectopic pregnancy).


Urinary tract infection

The pain gradually increases from the center of the lower abdomen. The doctors increasingly determine the disease of the urinary tract in patients who complain of pain in the lower left abdominal area. It manifests as burning sensation during urination. The need to urinate frequently, even at night; turbid urine with a specific odor. Sometimes urinary infections are accompanied by back pain, fever, and blood in the urine.


How to treat the left lower abdominal pain?


Look for professional medical help

Abdominal pain in the lower left region can be the result of acute medical conditions. If the person cannot have bowel movements normally ejects blood through the vomit and feces, has a stiff abdomen, experiencing a sharp pain suddenly have abnormal vaginal bleeding, should seek medical help immediately. Bladder symptoms, decreased appetite, and fever are signs to which you should also pay special attention.


Make some dietary changes

Some conditions which lead to acute pain in the left lower abdomen are the result of bad eating habits. In order to be healthier in every respect, it is advisable to switch to a balanced diet. Be sure that you’re getting enough water on a daily basis because this will prevent problems such as accumulation of gas in the abdomen and constipation. In addition, observe carefully what foods cause stomach irritation and always try to avoid them.


Try some changes in lifestyle

Specific body exercises like belly dancing and some yoga exercises can help you a lot in order to relax the abdominal muscles and thus avoid abdominal pain.


Disclaimer: The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.